SECTION 3 Questions 21-30
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
Study on Gender in Physics
21 The students in Akira Miyake‘s study were all majoring in
B psychology or physics.
C science, technology, engineering or mathematics.
22 The aim of Miyake’s study was to investigate
A what kind of women choose to study physics.
B a way of improving women’s performance in physics.
C whether fewer women than men study physics at college.
23 The female physics students were wrong to believe that
A the teachers marked them in an unfair way.
B the male students expected them to do badly.
C their test results were lower than the male students’.
24 Miyake’s team asked the students to write about
A what they enjoyed about studying physics.
B the successful experiences of other people.
C something that was important to them personally.
25 What was the aim of the writing exercise done by the subjects
A to reduce stress
B to strengthen verbal ability
C to encourage logical thinking
26 What surprised the researchers about the study
A how few students managed to get A grades
B the positive impact it had on physics results for women
C the difference between male and female performance
27 Greg and Lisa think Miyake’s results could have been affected by
A the length of the writing task.
B the number of students who took part.
C the information the students were given.
28 Greg and Lisa decide that in their own project, they will compare the effects of
A two different writing tasks.
B a writing task with an oral task.
C two different oral tasks.
29 The main finding of Smolinsky’s research was that class teamwork activities
A were most effective when done by all-women groups.
B had no effect on the performance of men or women.
C improved the results of men more than of women.
30 What will Lisa and Greg do next
A talk to a professor
B observe a science class
C look at the science timetable
They were majoring in what’s known as the STEM disciplines, That’s science, technology, engineering and ….
… and math
But what the researchers wanted to find out was basically what they could do about the relatively low level of the women’s results.
解题思路：题目问研究的目的，开头的but又是转折，又是考点最易出现的重要信息处，说了最开始是想着能做点什么去改善women 相对比较低的 physics results(物理科目成绩)。B选项符合。
But actually they were wrong … No one was making any assumptions about the female students at all.
They had to write an essay focusing on things that were significant to them, not particularly to do with the subject they were studying, but more general things like music, or people who mattered to them.
解题思路：问研究小组让学生写一个关于什么的东西。听到write an essay 很容易知道答案会在哪里。Focusing on 后面是重点“只是对他们自己而言比较重要的，不是说跟他们研究的主题有关”。
And putting these thoughts into words can relax them and help them overcome the psychological factors that lead to poor performance.
解题思路：问些writing exercise 的目的，原文说的relax them 很容易得出A选项，B、C都没有提到。
But what the researchers in the study hadn’t expected was that this one activity raised the women’s physics grades from the C to the B range.
And had they been told why they were doing the writing? That might have affected the results.
解题思路：问的是男女都认为研究本可以被什么东西所影响。听力原文里说Miyake的文章里没有考虑到一些细节，比如说，学生只写一次报告还是多次?学生们是否被告知过他们为什么要写这些东西，马上补充“That might have affected the results”。选项A、B都没有提到，根据听力原文或者是排除法都应该只是选C。
Half do the same writing task as in the original research and half do a factual writing task.
The men and the women got the same results whether they were working in teams or on their own.
Perhaps we should just make an appointment to see one of the science professors. That’d be better.
解题思路：问他们下一步的行动，所以在女生说 need to do next之后就可以锁定答案区域，说的是预约见一个science professor比较好。