剑桥雅思阅读讲解之阅读12详细答案解析

2019-06-06 01:04:32

  剑桥雅思阅读讲解之阅读12详细答案解析!考生做完剑桥雅思阅读练习之后,考生可以通过参考答案解析,了解自己答题中的问题,下面

  剑桥雅思阅读12解析节选:

  剑桥雅思12test5阅读passage1答案解析:

  Question 1

  答案:NOT GIVEN

  关键词:cork oak; thickest bark

  定位原文:第二段第二句“Its bark grows up to 20cm in thickness, insulating the tree….”

  解题思路:原文只提到软木橡树的树皮能长到20厘米的厚度,并未提到它的树皮是否是所有树中最厚的。

  Question 2

  答案:FALSE

  关键词:a synthetic cork; same cellular structure

  定位原文:第二段第三句“… the bark of the cork oak has a particular cellular structure… that technology has never succeeded in replicating”

  解题思路:原文提到这种树有着特别的细胞结构,而且如今的技术还未能成功复制这种结构。

  Question 3

  答案:FALSE

  关键词:25 years; between first and second harvest

  定位原文:第四段第四句“From the planting of a cork sapling to the first harvest takes 25 years, and a gap of approximately a decade must separate harvests from an individual tree.”

  解题思路:原文提到软木橡树苗种下到第一次丰收需要25年时间,而中间需要间隔十年的时间才能进行下一次的丰收。因此第一次丰收与第二次丰收的间隔时间是10年而不是25年。

  Question 4

  答案:TRUE

  关键词:stripped; dry atmospheric conditions

  定位原文:第四段最后一句:“If the bark is stripped on a day when it’s too cold — or when the air is damp — the tree will be damaged.”

  解题思路:原文提到不能在太冷或者太潮湿的天气去剥树皮,这样会损坏树。换言之,需要在比较干燥的天气去剥树皮。因此题干表述正确。

  Question 5

  答案:TRUE

  关键词:only way; remove…by hand

  定位原文:第五段第两句“No mechanical means of stripping cork bark has been invented, so the job is done by teams of highly skilled workers.”

  解题思路:原文提到目前还未发明出机械的方法去剥树皮,只能由高熟练度的工人团队完成。与题干的陈述一致。

  Question 6

  答案:taste

  关键词:aluminium screw caps; bottle contents

  定位原文:第六段第三句“The tiniest concentrations — as little as three or four parts to a trillion — can spoil the taste of the product contained in the bottle.”

  解题思路:第六段提到软木塞的使用可能会影响瓶内物质,并且提到有些元素,哪怕浓度很小,都可能会破坏瓶子内物质的味道。因此使用铝制螺旋盖的一个优点就是不用影响味道。

  Question 7

  答案:cheaper

  关键词:aluminium screw caps; produce

  定位原文:第六段最后一句“These substitutes are cheaper to manufacture and, in the case of screw caps, more convenient for the user.”

  解题思路:原文提到这种铝制螺旋盖的制造价格更便宜,而且更方便使用。题目中的use对应文章中的manufacture。

  Question 8

  答案:convenient

  关键词:aluminium screw caps; use

  定位原文:第六段最后一句“These substitutes are cheaper to manufacture and, in the case of screw caps, more convenient for the user.”

  解题思路:原文提到这种铝制螺旋盖的制造价格更便宜,而且更方便使用。

  Question 9

  答案:image

  关键词:cork bottle stoppers; quality products

  定位原文:最后一段前两句:“The classic cork stopper does have several advantages, however. Firstly, its traditional image is more in keeping with that of the type of high quality goods with which it has long been associated.”

  解题思路:文中提到经典的软木塞更符合高端产品的形象。

  Question 10

  答案:sustainable

  关键词:cork bottle stoppers; made from

  定位原文:最后一段第三句:“Secondly — and very importantly — cork is a sustainable product that can be recycled without difficulty.”

  解题思路:文中提到软木是一种可持续利用的产品,可以毫不费力地循环利用。

  Question 11

  答案:recycled

  关键词:cork bottle stoppers; easily

  定位原文:最后一段第三句:“Secondly — and very importantly — cork is a sustainable product that can be recycled without difficulty.”

  解题思路:题目中的easily与文中的without difficulty相对应,文中提到软木是一种可持续利用的产品,可以毫不费力地循环利用。

  Question 12

  答案:biodiversity

  关键词:cork forests

  定位原文:最后一段倒数第二句:“Moreover, cork forests are a resource which support local biodiversity, and prevent desertification in the regions where they are planted.”

  解题思路:题目中的aid对应文中的support,文中提到软木橡森林有利于维持当地的生物多样性。

  Question 13

  答案:desertification

  关键词:cork forests

  定位原文:最后一段倒数第二句:“Moreover, cork forests are a resource which support local biodiversity, and prevent desertification in the regions where they are planted.”

  解题思路:题目中的stop对应文中的prevent,文中提到软木橡森林能够预防种植区域出现沙漠化。

  以上为剑桥雅思阅读讲解之阅读12详细答案解析内容,希望帮助大家结合有效的练习掌握雅思阅读考试重点内容。

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