SECTION 1 Questions 1-10
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
HIRING A PUBLIC ROOM
the Main Hall - seats 200
Room and cost
the 1 __________ Room — seats 100
Cost of Main Hall for Saturday evening: 2 ￡ __________ + ￡250 deposit (3 __________ payment is required)
Cost includes use of tables and chairs and also 4 __________
Additional charge for use of the kitchen: ￡25
Before the event
Will need a 5 __________ licence
Need to contact caretaker (Mr Evans) in advance to arrange 6 __________
During the event
The building is no smoking
The band should use the 7 __________ door at the back
Don’t touch the system that controls the volume
For microphones, contact the caretaker
After the event
Need to know the 8 __________ for the cleaning cupboard
The 9 __________ must be washed and rubbish placed in black bags
All 10 __________ must be taken down
Chairs and tables must be piled up
SECTION 2 Questions 11-20
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD for each answer.
Fiddy Working Heritage Farm
Advice about visiting the farm
take care not to harm any 11 __________
not touch any 12 __________
wear 13 __________
not bring 14 __________ into the farm, with certain exceptions
Label the map below.
Write the correct letter A-I, next to Questions 15-20.
15 Scarecrow __________ 18 Black Barn __________
16 Maze __________ 19 Covered picnic area __________
17 Café __________ 20 Fiddy House __________
SECTION 3 Questions 21-30
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
Study on Gender in Physics
21 The students in Akira Miyake‘s study were all majoring in
B psychology or physics.
C science, technology, engineering or mathematics.
22 The aim of Miyake’s study was to investigate
A what kind of women choose to study physics.
B a way of improving women’s performance in physics.
C whether fewer women than men study physics at college.
23 The female physics students were wrong to believe that
A the teachers marked them in an unfair way.
B the male students expected them to do badly.
C their test results were lower than the male students’.
24 Miyake’s team asked the students to write about
A what they enjoyed about studying physics.
B the successful experiences of other people.
C something that was important to them personally.
25 What was the aim of the writing exercise done by the subjects
A to reduce stress
B to strengthen verbal ability
C to encourage logical thinking
26 What surprised the researchers about the study
A how few students managed to get A grades
B the positive impact it had on physics results for women
C the difference between male and female performance
27 Greg and Lisa think Miyake’s results could have been affected by
A the length of the writing task.
B the number of students who took part.
C the information the students were given.
28 Greg and Lisa decide that in their own project, they will compare the effects of
A two different writing tasks.
B a writing task with an oral task.
C two different oral tasks.
29 The main finding of Smolinsky’s research was that class teamwork activities
A were most effective when done by all-women groups.
B had no effect on the performance of men or women.
C improved the results of men more than of women.
30 What will Lisa and Greg do next
A talk to a professor
B observe a science class
C look at the science timetable
SECTION 4 Questions 31-40
Complete the notes below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
areas containing many different species
important for locating targets for 31 __________
at first only identified on land
Boris Worm, 2005
identified hotspots for large ocean predators, e.g. sharks
found that ocean hotspots:
- were not always rich in 32 __________
- had higher temperatures at the 33 __________
- had sufficient 34 __________ in the water
Lisa Ballance, 2007
looked for hotspots for marine 35 __________
found these were all located where ocean currents meet
Census of Marine Life
found new ocean species living:
- under the 36 __________
- near volcanoes on the ocean floor
Global Marine Species Assessment
want to list endangered ocean species, considering:
- population size
- geographical distribution
- rate of 37 __________
Aim: to assess 20,000 species and make a distribution 38 __________ for each one
Recommendations to retain ocean biodiversity
increase the number of ocean reserves
establish 39 __________ corridors (e.g. for turtles)
reduce fishing quotas
catch fish only for the purpose of 40 __________
- Or there‘s a Charlton Room
- The Charlton room, C-H-A-R-L-T-O-N
That’s got seating for up to 100.
答案：115/a/one hundred(and) fifteen
- Yes, That’s a Saturday
- So from 6pm to midnight that’d be ￡115 – that’s the weekend price, it’s ￡75 on weekdays.
- That’s all right.
解题思路: 询问的是Main Hall周六晚上的价格，注意不要被后面的75干扰，那是工作日的价格。
- And I have to tell you there’s also a deposit of ￡250, which is returnable of course as long as there’s no damage. But we do insist that this is paid in cash, we don’t take cards for that.
解题思路：听力原文中明确说明 paid in cash。设空处已经表明是支付方式。
- So does the charge include use of tables and chairs and so on?
- Oh, yes
- And what about parking?
- Yeah, that’ s all included.
You’ll have to see about getting a license if you’re planning to have any music during the meal.
解题思路：这个设空区问的是之前的准备事宜，for example 是提示词。
And about a week or ten days before your event you’ll need to contact the caretaker, that’s Mr. Evans to make the arrangements for entry.
They have a lot of equipment, so rather than using the front door they should park their van round the back and use the stage door there.
解题思路：front door 前明确提示说到 rather than，不要被迷惑了。
So there’s a locked cupboard and you’ll be informed of the code you need to open that.
解题思路：Need to know 和原文的be informed of 是同义表达。
W: What do we need to do after everyone's gone? Sweep floors I suppose?
M: Well, actually they have to be washed, not just swept.
W: I presume we can have decorations in the room?
M: Yes. But you must take them down afterwards
解题思路：take down 在听力原文中重现，非常容易定位答案处。
I must give you some advice and safety tips before we go any further. As it’s a working farm, please don’t frighten or injure animals.
解题思路：听到safety tips，这就是预示了答案在前方不远处，预读题目，可知答案一定是个名词，injure和 harm是同义表达。
And do stay at a safe distance rom the tools; Some of them have sharp points which can be pretty dangerous, so please don’t touch them.
解题思路：stay at a safe distance是not touch 的同义表达，而且在原文的本句后也直接说了don’t touch them。
The ground is very uneven, and you might slip if you’re wearing sandals so I’m glad to see you’re all wearing shoes – we always advise people to do that.
解题思路：穿拖鞋有可能会slip，所以建议穿shoes，并且是“always advise people to do that”表示强调。
Now, children from all ages are very welcome here, and usually even very young children love the ducks and lambs, so do bring them along next time you come. I don’t think any of you have brought dogs with you, but in case you have, I’m afraid they’ll have to stay in the car park.
The building where you brought your tickets is the New Barn, immediately to your right, and we’re now at the beginning of the main path to the farmland – and of course the car park is on your left. The scarecrow you can see in the park in the corner, beside the main path
If you look ahead of you, you’ll see a maze. It’s opposite the New Barn, beside the side path that branches off to the right just over there
解题思路：maze之后的定位词是“opposite the New Barn(跟New Barn相对)”且“beside the side path that branches off to the right(右边有条岔道的辅路)”满足的也只有G。
If you want to go to the café, go towards the bridge and turn right just before it. Walk along the side path and the café on the first bend you come to.
解题思路：问的café的位置，说的是沿着桥直走，然后右转就在前头。后面的“Walk along the side path and the café on the first”进一步佐证D位置且排除了其他的干扰项。
In the Black Barn. If you take the side path to the right, here just by the New Barn, you’ll come to the Black Barn just where the path first bends.
解题思路：Black Barn的位置，第一个半句说在side road的右边，E、H未带选项，后面又说在第一个转角处“first bend”，排除E位置，选择H。
Or if you’d prefer a covered picnic area, there’s one near the farmyard; just after you cross the bridge, there’s a covered picnic spot on the right
解题思路：covered picnic area的位置首先是near the farmyard，锁定 B和 C，但是明确又说了，要cross the bridge(过桥)，所以只能选C。
Fiddy House itself. From here you can cross the bridge then walk along the footpath through the field to the left of the farmyard
解题思路：这个Fiddy House 的干扰项很少，因为沿着footpath 走又在farmyard的左边，只能选A。
They were majoring in what’s known as the STEM disciplines, That’s science, technology, engineering and ….
… and math
But what the researchers wanted to find out was basically what they could do about the relatively low level of the women’s results.
解题思路：题目问研究的目的，开头的but又是转折，又是考点最易出现的重要信息处，说了最开始是想着能做点什么去改善women 相对比较低的 physics results(物理科目成绩)。B选项符合。
But actually they were wrong … No one was making any assumptions about the female students at all.
They had to write an essay focusing on things that were significant to them, not particularly to do with the subject they were studying, but more general things like music, or people who mattered to them.
解题思路：问研究小组让学生写一个关于什么的东西。听到write an essay 很容易知道答案会在哪里。Focusing on 后面是重点“只是对他们自己而言比较重要的，不是说跟他们研究的主题有关”。
And putting these thoughts into words can relax them and help them overcome the psychological factors that lead to poor performance.
解题思路：问些writing exercise 的目的，原文说的relax them 很容易得出A选项，B、C都没有提到。
But what the researchers in the study hadn’t expected was that this one activity raised the women’s physics grades from the C to the B range.
And had they been told why they were doing the writing? That might have affected the results.
解题思路：问的是男女都认为研究本可以被什么东西所影响。听力原文里说Miyake的文章里没有考虑到一些细节，比如说，学生只写一次报告还是多次?学生们是否被告知过他们为什么要写这些东西，马上补充“That might have affected the results”。选项A、B都没有提到，根据听力原文或者是排除法都应该只是选C。
Half do the same writing task as in the original research and half do a factual writing task.
The men and the women got the same results whether they were working in teams or on their own.
Perhaps we should just make an appointment to see one of the science professors. That’d be better.
解题思路：问他们下一步的行动，所以在女生说 need to do next之后就可以锁定答案区域，说的是预约见一个science professor比较好。
The hotspots are significant because they allow us to locate key areas for focusing efforts at conservation.
解题思路：第一个设空处是关于Biodiversity hotspots的，预读题目时候locating targets这个信息非常重要，locate key areas 这个表达在听力原文中重现，后面的focusing efforts at conservation 就是答案关键。
The main thing he’d expected to find was that they had very high concentrations of food, but to his surprise that was only true for four of hotspots – remaining hotspot was quite badly off in that regard.
解题思路：这个部分设空是关于Boris Worm这个人的研究，人名可以帮我们锁定解题区域。设空处是三个关于ocean hotspots 的三个发现， expected to find 就是答案出现的地方了。此题比较简单。
The water at the surface of the ocean had relatively high temperatures, even when it was cool at greater depths.
Because the also found that the water needed to have enough oxygen in it.
解题思路：和32、33题一样，可以确认答案出现的区域。预读题目，可以知道问的是水里有充足的什么，have enough 后面就是答案。
What she was interested in was marine mammals, things like seals.
解题思路：35题问的是Lisa Ballance 这个人的研究。挖空处问的是她的研究内容，听力原文用“was interested in”来锁定答案。
One thing they found there which stunned other researchers was that there were large numbers of species which live below the ice.
解题思路：36 题问的是发现new ocean species的其中一个居住地，原文的below the ice就是答案，所以空处就是填写ice。
Thirdly, they calculate the rate at which the decline of the species is happening.
解题思路：37和38题都属于Global Marine Species Assessment这个组织，37题属于list endangered ocean species 要考虑的因素;38题是问这个组织成立的目的。组织的名字帮助定位答题区域。Thirdly they calculate the rate 出现，37题答案就出来了。
For each one they assess, they use the data they collect on that species to produce a map showing its distribution.
解题思路：部分同上，distribution 出现在原文中，produce a map showing its distribution和题目 make a distribution map 是同义表达。
We need to create corridors for migration.
So that only the fish wanted for consumption were caught.
解题思路：so that 表示目的，同义表达 for the purpose of，定位后此题答案比较容易得出。