雅思OGtest1听力section4听力原文题目及答案解析【附MP3音频】

2022-06-12 19:55:18

  本篇文章

  Question 31

  答案:29,000 years

  定位原文:

  So how did it all begin?

  Well it all started around 29.000 years ago when humans discovered that…

  解题思路:So how did it all begin? 提示下文即将讨论制陶工艺的开始时间。定位到Well it all started around 29.000 years ago when humans discovered that…start是date back的同义转述,around是approximately的同义转述,都有“大约”之意。

  Question 32

  答案:southern/south Europe

  定位原文:

  And all this activity was centred around southern Europe。

  解题思路: They created figurines which were small statues and which depicted animals or gods or any shape… 提示下文即将讨论小雕像的制作地点。定位到all this activity was centred around southern Europe。in the area of是centred around的同义转述,表示“在某地附近”。

  Question 33

  答案:water

  定位原文:Although they could carry water in them, it wasn't possible to store it over a long period.

  解题思路:The early humans also found a practical use for their discovery, such as storing things like grain…提示下文将讨论陶罐不能装什么,定位到although they could carry water in them, it wasn't possible to store it over a long period。 carry是“携带”的意思,“虽然可以携带水,但是不能长期存储水”。

  Question 34

  答案:minerals

  定位原文:They discovered that by adding minerals to the day they could improve both the appearance and the strength of the ceramics.

  解题思路: In China at around 200 BC…提示下文将讨论中国人在陶艺方面的活动,定位到they discovered that by adding minerals to the day they could improve both the appearance and the strength of the ceramics. 注意这里答案mineral出现在了定位词improve both the appearance and the strength of the ceramics之前。此处做题技巧是先把minerals写下来, 如果再出现其它答案再进行修改。quality of ceramics说的就是the appearance and the strength of ceramics.

  Question 35

  答案:white gold

  定位原文:It became so valuable that it was known as white gold.

  解题思路:Compared to the first ceramics, porcelain was lighter, finer, harder and whiter and became an important commodity in China's trading with the rest of the world for hundreds of years.?提示下文将讨论到Chinese porcelain还被称作什么,定位到it became so valuable that it was known as white gold. It was known as就是called的同义转述。much easier是best的同义转述。

  Question 36

  答案:china stone

  定位原文:He discovered that by adding quartz and a material called china stone to very high-quality clay.

  解题思路:Bottger failed to achieve this and soon gave up, but in order to please the king he attempted to make high-quality porcelain. “为了取悦国王他试图制作出高品质的陶艺作品”,提示下文将讨论到Bottger将怎么样制作high-quality porcelain(高品质的陶艺),定位到he discovered that by adding quartz and a material called china stone to very high-quality clay,注意a mineral called china stone的这个表达,是“一种叫做china stone的矿物质”,虽然语法上called china stone是分词作后置定语修饰mineral,但是正确答案需要填写的是这个矿物质具体的名称。

  Question 37

  答案:cooling (down)

  定位原文:That clay is made up of crystalline plates which become locked together in the cooling process whereas glass cools too quickly for crystals to form.

  解题思路: The main difference between ceramics made from clay and glass is that…提示下文即将讨论玻璃和陶艺制作工艺上的不同之处。定位到that clay is made up of crystalline plates which become locked together in the cooling process whereas glass cools too quickly for crystals to form. 即二者的冷却过程是不同的,玻璃冷却地过快不能形成晶体结构,而泥土是由晶体结构构成的。A is similar to B apart from_____是对于the main difference between A and B的同义转述。

  Question 38

  答案:windows

  定位原文:One of the more innovative uses was to use it in windows

  解题思路:Until the Roman Empire, 2,000 years ago, that the art of glass-blowing and the practical uses of glass became more widespread. 提示下文即将讨论罗马人用玻璃做什么。定位到One of the more innovative uses was to use it in windows。

  Question 39

  答案:volcanic ash

  定位原文:The Romans observed that, when volcanic ash mixes with water and then cools, it gets extremely hard and almost impossible to break up.

  解题思路:The Romans were also responsible for inventing concrete. 提示下文即将讨论水泥是如何被发明出来的。定位到The Romans observed that, when volcanic ash mixes with water and then cools, it gets extremely hard and almost impossible to break up. 注意A mixed with B是“A和B混合”的意思。volcanic ash是 “火山灰”的意思。

  Question 40

  答案:harbours

  定位原文:the Romans needed to take control of the seas and for this they needed to build harbours capable of holding a fleet of ships.

  解题思路: As the Roman Empire grew 提示下文即将讨罗马帝国壮大的原因。定位到the Romans needed to take control of the seas and for this they needed to build harbours capable of holding a fleet of ships. “罗马帝国为了占领海域而修建港口,这些港口能够停靠船队的船只。”注意文章的最后一句才提到了This strange characteristic of concrete made a significant contribution to the success of the Roman Empire,但是正确答案是在As the Roman Empire grow之后的句子中就出现了,所以关键的名词听到就要马上写下来。

  approximately的同义转述,都有“大约”之意。

  Question 32

  答案:southern/south Europe

  定位原文:

  And all this activity was centred around southern Europe。

  解题思路: They created figurines which were small statues and which depicted animals or gods or any shape… 提示下文即将讨论小雕像的制作地点。定位到all this activity was centred around southern Europe。in the area of是centred around的同义转述,表示“在某地附近”。

  Question 33

  答案:water

  定位原文:Although they could carry water in them, it wasn't possible to store it over a long period.

  解题思路:The early humans also found a practical use for their discovery, such as storing things like grain…提示下文将讨论陶罐不能装什么,定位到although they could carry water in them, it wasn't possible to store it over a long period。 carry是“携带”的意思,“虽然可以携带水,但是不能长期存储水”。

  Question 34

  答案:minerals

  定位原文:They discovered that by adding minerals to the day they could improve both the appearance and the strength of the ceramics.

  解题思路: In China at around 200 BC…提示下文将讨论中国人在陶艺方面的活动,定位到they discovered that by adding minerals to the day they could improve both the appearance and the strength of the ceramics. 注意这里答案mineral出现在了定位词improve both the appearance and the strength of the ceramics之前。此处做题技巧是先把minerals写下来, 如果再出现其它答案再进行修改。quality of ceramics说的就是the appearance and the strength of ceramics.

  Question 35

  答案:white gold

  定位原文:It became so valuable that it was known as white gold.

  解题思路:Compared to the first ceramics, porcelain was lighter, finer, harder and whiter and became an important commodity in China's trading with the rest of the world for hundreds of years.?提示下文将讨论到Chinese porcelain还被称作什么,定位到it became so valuable that it was known as white gold. It was known as就是called的同义转述。much easier是best的同义转述。

  Question 36

  答案:china stone

  定位原文:He discovered that by adding quartz and a material called china stone to very high-quality clay.

  解题思路:Bottger failed to achieve this and soon gave up, but in order to please the king he attempted to make high-quality porcelain. “为了取悦国王他试图制作出高品质的陶艺作品”,提示下文将讨论到Bottger将怎么样制作high-quality porcelain(高品质的陶艺),定位到he discovered that by adding quartz and a material called china stone to very high-quality clay,注意a mineral called china stone的这个表达,是“一种叫做china stone的矿物质”,虽然语法上called china stone是分词作后置定语修饰mineral,但是正确答案需要填写的是这个矿物质具体的名称。

  Question 37

  答案:cooling (down)

  定位原文:That clay is made up of crystalline plates which become locked together in the cooling process whereas glass cools too quickly for crystals to form.

  解题思路: The main difference between ceramics made from clay and glass is that…提示下文即将讨论玻璃和陶艺制作工艺上的不同之处。定位到that clay is made up of crystalline plates which become locked together in the cooling process whereas glass cools too quickly for crystals to form. 即二者的冷却过程是不同的,玻璃冷却地过快不能形成晶体结构,而泥土是由晶体结构构成的。A is similar to B apart from_____是对于the main difference between A and B的同义转述。

  Question 38

  答案:windows

  定位原文:One of the more innovative uses was to use it in windows

  解题思路:Until the Roman Empire, 2,000 years ago, that the art of glass-blowing and the practical uses of glass became more widespread. 提示下文即将讨论罗马人用玻璃做什么。定位到One of the more innovative uses was to use it in windows。

  Question 39

  答案:volcanic ash

  定位原文:The Romans observed that, when volcanic ash mixes with water and then cools, it gets extremely hard and almost impossible to break up.

  解题思路:The Romans were also responsible for inventing concrete. 提示下文即将讨论水泥是如何被发明出来的。定位到The Romans observed that, when volcanic ash mixes with water and then cools, it gets extremely hard and almost impossible to break up. 注意A mixed with B是“A和B混合”的意思。volcanic ash是 “火山灰”的意思。

  Question 40

  答案:harbours

  定位原文:the Romans needed to take control of the seas and for this they needed to build harbours capable of holding a fleet of ships.

  解题思路: As the Roman Empire grew 提示下文即将讨罗马帝国壮大的原因。定位到the Romans needed to take control of the seas and for this they needed to build harbours capable of holding a fleet of ships. “罗马帝国为了占领海域而修建港口,这些港口能够停靠船队的船只。”注意文章的最后一句才提到了This strange characteristic of concrete made a significant contribution to the success of the Roman Empire,但是正确答案是在As the Roman Empire grow之后的句子中就出现了,所以关键的名词听到就要马上写下来。

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