L: Sure, well, let's get started right now. Let's go over the instructions. What exactly do we have to do?
J: Well, it says here we have to look at one area of the entertainment industry. There is a list of different types.
解题思路： one area of 和题干的one part of 是同义表达。
L: And do we have to use any particular method to get our data? Can we use mail out a questionnaire, or do face-to-face interviews or maybe even observation?
J: Well, actually, it looks like we don't have a choice. We have to do telephone interviews.
解题思路：提出了许多方案，最后have to do telephone interviews。
J: Well, we have to do two groups, remember, and it looks like we have to interview fifteen for each group.
L: That's thirty altogether then. It's going to take ages.
解题思路： 很多干扰项，但是最后说到 thirty altogether。
答案：male and female
J: Right. So, what two groups will we compare and contrast?
L: Male and female?
J: No. Most of my female friends like the same music as me.
解题思路：没有直接说男女一样，但是most of 这句就是 are similar的同义表达。
J: OK, let's have pop, jazz, folk, easy listening... what else?
L: Well, we should include classical. Some people like it, you know.
J: What about concerts? You know, pubs and halls.
L: You mean like, do they buy it in music shops or department stores?
J: Yes, or download it from Internet.
L: Right, that could be for recorded music. Then we need another section for live music. Where do they go for that?
J: OK, let's say disco, pub, club, concert hall.
L: Or opera house? And I guess we should include karaoke bar.
J: Not many of them in the city.
L: OK, we'll leave that out then.
Now, there are several hypotheses about the origins of the first Neolithic settlers in Ireland, but most of these contain problems. For instance, there are considerable archaeological difficulties about the theory that they came from England.
解题思路：It is not clear 是题干的关键词，这与原文的定位句表达意思一样。
Now, we know from modern farming that if the level of breeding stock falls below about three hundred females, the future of species of locally is at risk. So we must assume that from the beginnings of Neolithic farming the number of breeding sheep would have considerably exceeded three hundred, and the national cattle herd must have been of a similar size.
解题思路： 定位词是300/ three hundred，出现了两遍，比较容易得出A选项是答案。
The question is how these were brought to the area and where they came from. It's usually suggested that the Neolithic settles use skin-covered boats to transport livestock. But this method would severely restricted the range of the colonising fleets. The sheer volume of animal transport necessary means it's unlikely that this livestock could have been brought from anywhere further than England.
解题思路：livesstock 和题目的animals是同义表达，restricted 和选项A的limited是同义改写。
The main evidence for their presence consists of impression on pottery, where a cereal grain accidentally became embedded in surface of a pot before it was fired.解题思路：原文定位句的意思是大小麦的出现来自于陶器上的压痕，谷物的种子在陶器没有被烧制之前，恰好嵌在了陶器的表面。和B选项同义。难点在于对impression这个词“压痕”一义的理解，要不然容易错选C。
The stone blade of a plough has been discovered during excavation in County Mayo in western Ireland. The body of the plough would have been of wood, and could have been drawn by people, but it's also likely that cattle were used.
解题思路： plough被拉动的两个对象，要么是人，也很有可能是牛。pulled和 drawn是同义转换表达。
答案：Water Sand (in either order)
However, after the axes had been chipped into shape, they needed water and sand for grinding and polishing, so a high mountainside wouldn't have been an appropriate place for this.
解题思路：axe制作过程需要的两样的东西来grinding 和polishing，答案是water and sand，这个题比较容易定位得出答案。
Now it's clear that these Neolithic axes were transported all over the Ireland, as well as the Scotland and south of England.
After firing, the outside was often polished. This would have helped the pots to retain water, as they were glazed.
Now we know that the clay used usually came from the local sources, which suggests that the manufacture was on a fairly small scale, even though thousands of fragments are usually found at Neolithic sites.
In the course of time decoration began to appear. At first this looked like a series of stitches and was just around tops of the pots.
解题思路：was around 和题干的put around是同一个意思，答案很容易得出是tops。